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Home NEWS Brief description of the disease Mesothelioma

Brief description of the disease Mesothelioma

 

Mesothelioma asbestos cancer - it is extremely dangerous type of tumor, characterized by interstitial lung pleura and peritoneum. This tumor is formed mesothelium - the epithelial tissue that lines the surface of the body cavities.
Mesothelioma does not spare neither adults nor children, the swelling can occur even in the 2-year-old kid.
And the risk of disease in men by almost 8 times higher than in women. This is due to several reasons.

Causes of Mesothelioma asbestos cancer

The main cause of cancer - mesothelioma - is long and intensive engagement with asbestos. As you know, asbestos - a building material, a mixture of fiberglass and plaster. Inhalation of asbestos dust can directly cause cancer. Asbestos fibers actively affect the lining of the airways, getting all of them deeper into the pleura. The accumulation of these fibers causes mesothelioma - a professional disease of builders. Smoking aggravates the situation, while not being the main cause of Mesothelioma asbestos cancer.
There are also cases when a genetic predisposition has become a major factor in the development of mesothelioma.

Symptoms of  Mesothelioma asbestos cancer

Early symptoms of pleural mesothelioma include: pain in the chest, weakness, difficulty breathing, dry cough - and many others, the neglect of which will lead to irreversible consequences.
Mesothelioma of the peritoneum, as a rule, it is severe abdominal pain, weakness, vomiting, and weight loss. Few people care about these symptoms: some mistake them for symptoms of poisoning, others openly ignore. Remember that mesothelioma "wait" and will not reveal in 2-3 - months, when the symptoms will show activity: pain increased, and the general condition deteriorates. Since it's still cancer - cancer treatment effective in the early stages.
The fact is that as with any cancer, the peritoneal Mesothelioma asbestos cancer is under development. In the first stage the patient is affected pleura of the lung, lymph nodes at the same time while intact. Peritoneal mesothelioma is the second stage has been a relatively large "field of activity": it extends to the diaphragm. The third stage is characterized by lesions of the lymph nodes and the front of the chest wall. The fourth stage - the most dangerous - and integrated into the surrounding tissue and even carried through the bloodstream to more distant organs, thus affecting the entire body.

Diagnosis of Mesothelioma asbestos cancer

Diagnosis of mesothelioma can be done in different ways:
  • · X-rays will reveal pleural thickening, and the presence of fluid in the pleural cavity
  • · CT (computed tomography) to determine the stage of the tumor and help assign an effective treatment.
  • · With the help of an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) has become possible to determine whether the diaphragm is intact mesothelioma.
  • · Thoracoscopy - endoscopic method for studying the pleural cavity. Manufactures special machines, reveals a tumor in its earliest stages. As a rule, the study takes a small piece of the pleura or pleural fluid. A similar method of investigation - laparoscopy - used for inspection of the abdominal cavity.
Treatment of Mesothelioma asbestos cancer

Mesothelioma treatment is usually carried out in several ways:
· Chemotherapy. Drugs prescribed for chemotherapy can be administered as an intravenous and intrapleural (or into the abdominal cavity in the treatment of peritoneal mesothelioma). Treatment of tumors with poisons and toxins effectively kills cancer cells, while not causing harm to human body strong.
· Radiation therapy or radiation therapy. Characterized as a highly effective, rapidly destroying the cells in the Mesothelioma asbestos cancer. He has a number of unpleasant side effects: burn tissue, shortness of breath, fatigue, hair loss.
· Surgical method. Mesothelioma Treatment by removal of the tumor / pleura is the most effective, however, not all patients with mesothelioma, it is shown. Only upon satisfactory general condition of the patient and the absence of other diseases permitted surgery. A complete removal of the tumor is possible only if the localized mesothelioma.

Other ways of treating Mesothelioma asbestos cancer.

For example, removal of fluid from the pleural cavity through a needle. After this procedure, there is improvement in the general condition of the patient, reducing the pain. However, over time fluid builds again, and repeats the procedure. Introduction of antibiotics into the pleural cavity also helps to reduce the amount of fluid and pain.
Once diagnosed with mesothelioma, the people, on average, do not live more than a year, with the average age of the cases - 65 years. Think about it and avoid any contact with the deadly substance in his youth, so you do not regret it in old age.

 

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