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Mesothelioma asbestos cancer

 

Mesothelioma or asbestos cancer - a form of cancer, which is characterized by the fact that cancer cells are placed in a membrane envelope. Membrane - mezotelium, consists of two layers. Mezotelium produces lubricating fluid, through which bodies are moved safely, such a beating heart.
Mesothelioma asbestos cancer - a disease in which the mezoteliuma cells are abnormal and begin to divide. Modified cells can invade organs and connective tissues, damaging them. Cancer cells often spread to other parts of the body. The disease usually begins in the chest, and then progresses and affects other parts of the body. Major risk factor for the disease is contact with asbestos. The danger is that the pathology is not immediate, but after 30-50 years.
The disease is characterized by low average survival of patients, only 1-2 years. If the disease is detected at later stages, the prognosis is extremely unfavorable. Early symptoms of Mesothelioma asbestos cancer can easily be confused with symptoms of other diseases. Primary symptoms in most patients appear for 2-3 months before detection of the tumor. Asbestos cancer can have some basic varieties: pleural, pericardial, vaginal, and benign mesothelioma of the peritoneum.
· Symptoms of Mesothelioma asbestos cancer
· Symptoms vary depending on the type of mesothelioma. For example, patients with pleural mesothelioma asbestos cancer complain of pain in the chest on the side and the back. Many patients experience shortness of breath. Some cases are characterized by shortness of breath, coughing, sweating, weakness and fever. Other symptoms include: hoarseness, facial swelling, hemoptysis. Peritoneal mesothelioma patients complain of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. In some patients, fluid can build up in the abdomen - ascites.
· Aftermath
The main danger of the disease is that the abnormal cells may be spaced throughout the body. There are three main pathways of tumor cells in the human body. Tumor cells through the blood or lymphatic system may spread throughout the body, the result - the formation of secondary tumors. The process of separation of tumor cells is called metastasis. The primary tumor and secondary education are to cancer of the same species. Depending on what stage the disease, mesothelioma asbestos cancer is conventionally divided into two groups. The localized mesothelioma is characterized by the fact that cancer cells are located exclusively in the inner layer of the chest wall in the tissues covering the lungs, diaphragm, and in the bag, which covers the heart, with the same party. To include common mesothelioma disease II, III, IV stage. In the pathological process may also be involved lymph nodes that are on the other side of the chest or even beyond.
· One of the negative effects of mesothelioma is a relapse. Relapse - repeatedly arisen disease after the patient has already been covered treatment. Education may recur in the pleural area or in a new place.
· Treatment and complications
· There are several diagnostic techniques that enable the diagnosis and confirm it. To detect tumors using: X-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, thoracoscopy, laparoscopy.
· To date, identify several basic methods of treatment of mesothelioma asbestos cancer. It should be noted that the standard methods used, so the methods that are currently in clinical trials. The essence of the clinical trials - the improvement of existing therapies, data on new treatments. The possibility of patient participation in clinical trials is discussed with your doctor. The standard method of treatment include: surgical way, radiation and chemotherapy.
· Surgical method involves removal of the tumor by surgery. Even if the doctor removes the visible part of the tumor, the patient will still prescribe postoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy. This is done in order to completely remove the abnormal cells.
· Radiation therapy is a method of treatment using high-frequency X-ray. This approach allows you to completely remove the cancer cells, slowing tumor growth. Radiation therapy may be of two types: external and internal. External radiation therapy of mesothelioma asbestos cancer involves the direction of the unit, located next to the patient directly to the tumor. Internal therapy suggests that radioactive substances are inserted near the tumor or in the tumor itself. The method of radiation therapy is chosen depending on the stage and type of cancer.
Chemotherapy involves the use of cytotoxic drugs, their action is directed at the destruction of cancer cells, slowing the malignant process. Chemotherapy drugs can be taken orally, intravenously. Drug enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body, destroying the tumor cells. If the chemical agent is injected directly into the affected area, such as the peritoneum, such a therapy called regional. Combination chemotherapy involves the use of several drugs. The route of administration is chosen depending on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.
Today, there is the search for new treatments. Information about them is distributed by the National Cancer Institute, as all the necessary information about the programs and opportunities for participation in it can be obtained from your doctor. The success of disease control is correct and timely diagnosis, prescription of adequate and effective treatment.

 

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