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Home NEWS What is asbestos cancer?

What is asbestos cancer?

Cancer of the pleura (mesothelioma) - a malignant tumor arising in the pleura or peritoneum. Pleura - a thin serosa surrounding the lungs (visceral or pulmonary pleura, visceral pleura) and the inner surface of the chest (pleura parientalnaya, parietal pleura). Serous membrane has smooth, moist, shiny pleura, thanks to the secretion of a small amount of liquid in it.

Pleura are covered with mesothelium - a single layer of squamous epithelium lining the serous membrane of the vertebrate body. Between parientalnym and visceral pleura is the pleural cavity with a small amount of liquid that reduces friction sheets for respiratory motion of light, so that they can slide over each other without causing pain to the person. Source of cancer pleural mesothelial cells are the origin belonging to the serous membranes of the pleura, peritoneum, pericardium. Mesothelioma asbestos cancer is defined as the primary tumor, more malignant course.

Symptoms of mesothelioma asbestos cancer 

General weakness.

Pain in the chest.

Shortness of breath.

Sometimes purulent fluid in the pleural cavity or grayish mucous expectoration.

Causes of Mesothelioma asbestos cancer 

Usually the cause of mesothelioma is the inhalation of asbestos dust. Asbestos - a fibrous natural mineral consisting essentially of magnesium silicate. Currently asbestos industry used less and less. Hi attempt to replace other materials. When processing or destruction of asbestos turns into asbestos dust that enters the environment. By inhalation of large amounts of asbestos dust or prolonged inhalation of its possible pneumoconiosis, lung cancer or mesothelioma of the pleura or peritoneum. These diseases may occur after 10-30 years. Some health care possible cause of these diseases is considered cigarette smoke containing hazardous substances.

Treatment of mesothelioma asbestos cancer

Stop the growth of the tumor is not possible. You can only alleviate the symptoms of the disease. For example, pain of growing pains in the chest.

In this disease, people, unfortunately, can do nothing to help themselves. It can only be a preventive measure to avoid dust.

When chest pain or difficulty breathing, as soon as possible by a qualified physician.

The doctor will likely try to find the cause of sickness, he carefully examine the patient. Perform a CT scan on which a tumor of the pleura is seen distinctly. Some patients in the pleural cavity accumulates bloody fluid (exudates) or cough up a whitish-gray mucous expectoration. In such cases investigated exudates and sputum. However, mesothelioma asbestos cancer diagnosis is established only after a biopsy of the tissue sample and research. If the disease has arisen due to occupational exposure to asbestos dust, the doctor about it shall notify the competent authorities for the protection of human health.

The disease asbestos cancer

Largely as a result of exposure to asbestos dust cells mesothelium covering the pleura, and part of the connective tissue are transformed into malignant. Formed a malignant tumor that affects the entire pleura. Gradually thickened pleura, thus forming a "shell" that covers all light and prevents it straightened. Difficult breathing movements of light, oxygen supply is broken, then there is a cessation of breathing. The disease is incurable.

Use of asbestos declined in recent years, so the mesothelioma was a rare disease. Today, lung cancer is more common than mesothelioma.

Mesothelioma Prevention

The only way to prevent mesothelioma - no contact with asbestos. Today it is not difficult, because materials, which include asbestos, very little. Almost always used alternative materials. In addition, it is recommended to stop smoking.

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