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Home NEWS What is asbestos mesothelioma.

What is asbestos mesothelioma.

Mesothelioma (mesothelioma) - a rare form of cancer - a tumor of mesothelial tissue (one type of epithelium). More information about the disease will tell the Soviet Union.Epithelium - the tissue that lines the surfaces and cavities of the body, mucous membranes, internal organs, respiratory system, digestive tract, urinary ways and forms a large part of the iron in the body. The epithelium is divided into different types of origin, structure, and functions.
One type of epithelium - is mesothelioma. He lines the serous membrane, ie, the peritoneum, pleura and lung, pericardium (pericardial sac), etc. Consequently, mesothelioma - a tumor that grows from the mesothelial tissue and affects the serous membranes. Mesothelioma can be benign or malignant (the latter is more common).
Mesothelioma - a rapidly growing aggressive tumor that metastasizes early, treating it rather difficult, especially if you have been diagnosed late. The median survival of patients is 1-2 years.

Mesothelioma is most common lung pleura and peritoneum, at least - of the testicles, joints, pericardium. Among the risk factors that increase the risk of mesothelioma include prolonged exposure to asbestos, especially in combination with smoking. This swelling can sometimes be asymptomatic, but if symptoms do occur, at an early stage can not be considered specific, why mesothelioma is difficult to diagnose. Often it is detected at a late stage, hence the low survival rate of patients with mesothelioma.

Pleural mesothelioma is usually manifested in pain at the bottom of the chest at the back or the side surface, shortness of breath, hoarseness, coughing up blood, swelling of the face and upper extremities, in some cases, may experience difficulty swallowing, cough, weight loss, weakness, sweating, fever (low-grade, but constant). One of the most common symptoms - effusion (fluid in the pleural cavity).

Peritoneal mesothelioma usually has the following symptoms: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, enlarged abdomen. Some patients have ascites - fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Usually this type of cancer occurs in men over 50.
There are several treatments for malignant mesothelioma. If the patient is in good condition, and the tumor is localized, the possibility of radical surgery, ie, the complete removal of the tumor. If the patient's heavy, and the swelling is extensive, can perform palliative surgery - operation to eliminate or reduce the discomfort caused by tumor growth.

However, as we have said, mesothelioma is often diagnosed at a late stage, when major surgery is impossible to produce because of the serious condition of the patient. In such cases, radiation therapy may be used as the primary method of treatment. Also, after the non-radical operations can be assigned a radiation therapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. And for investment due to the growth of tumors symptoms (shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, pain, bleeding) use palliative radiation.
Another method of treatment of mesothelioma - chemotherapy, the drugs can enter not only intravenously, but the pleural or peritoneal cavity (depending on whether a tumor - mesothelioma of the pleura or peritoneum mesothelioma). Chemotherapy can be as basic or secondary treatment for cancer (depending on what stage the mesothelioma), but keep in mind that this method of treatment provides only a temporary effect and is used as a palliative.

Despite the fact that mesothelioma - a rare type of tumor that is no reason to neglect their health. Do not ignore any of the warning signs, it's better to be safe than to lose valuable time. There have been cases where the symptoms of mesothelioma took for chronic bronchitis or  smoker's cough , and when they put the correct diagnosis, it was too late. And if you are at risk (in contact with asbestos or production), do not forget about regular checkups with your doctor.

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