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Home NEWS What is it Mesothelioma asbestos cancer? What forecasts?

What is it Mesothelioma asbestos cancer? What forecasts?

Mesothelioma asbestos Cancer - a tumor that develops from cells of the mesothelium. This epithelial tissue, which is located above the connective tissue covering or lining the body cavities: the pleura, the pericardium (heart cavity), the peritoneum.

At first glance, it seems that mesothelioma asbestos Cancer is not anything scary - it's pretty dense tissue, the cells of which are very close contact with each other. In fact, the mesothelial cells are very sensitive and prone to failure, replacement of other cell types.

Mesothelioma asbestos Cancer - The tumor is usually malignant, early metastasis, commonly invades adjacent structures.


Malignant mesothelioma asbestos Cancer (also called carcinosarcoma, endotelioma) often develops in the pleura, less frequently in the endothelium of the peritoneum and casuistically - the pericardium. Cause of malignant transformation of epithelial tissue - contact with asbestos dust and smoking (carcinosarcoma pleura), the same reasons, plus injuries of the abdomen and lead to disembriogenez sarcoma mesothelium of the peritoneum and pericardium.

In the development of this cancer pathology report great role of ionizing radiation, and silicates, wax, do not exclude the viral nature of the disease.


Tumor, localized in the pleura, gives symptoms almost from the first stage: cough, chest pain, pleurisy. But as a rule, the symptoms are for "cold", treated as "normal" cough, blamed the symptoms of chronic bronchitis or smoker's cough.

At this time, the cancer cells metastasize quickly, and the tumor increases in size, light squeezes, impairs blood circulation, which leads to the progression of pleurisy, the appearance of dyspnea.

Picture of the tumor of the peritoneum is not distinct, erased. A feeling of heaviness in the abdomen obscure location, periodic instability stool, sensation of a lump in the supine position. Then, with the progression of the process, pain, nausea, stool disorders are permanent, develop ascites.

For this disease at any site is typical fever, a slight increase in temperature (not above subfebrile), but permanent. About half the patients complain of pain in the small joints, describing them as volatile and more disturbing in the morning.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Mesothelioma asbestos Cancer diagnosis is complex, and, given the rapid growth of the tumor and its aggressiveness, accurate diagnosis is often placed only on the results of the autopsy. Life history, including indication that we had in the past exposure to asbestos or the manufacture (the presence of asbestos cement materials in the house, living near the active site of the plants or quarries, etc.) should always be cautious.

For diagnosis requires a combination of diagnostic tests: x-ray of the pleura or peritoneum, a computer, or magnetic resonance imaging, laparoscopic examination (thoracoscopy, paracentesis). For invasive diagnostic procedures required in order to remove tissue of cytological and histological examination.

Treatment of mesothelioma asbestos Cancer difficult, as a rule, multi-port, combined, include chemotherapy, surgical removal of part of the body, radiation, biotherapy. The tactics chosen physician based on a variety of factors, including the patient's general condition, the stage of the tumor.


The prognosis is poor. Mesothelioma asbestos Cancer is growing very rapidly, hematogenous and lymphatic metastasis by an average survival rate of less than 1 year after the beginning of the process.

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